May 23rd meeting


Early trade statistics: What are they and why do we care

May 23rd 2014

Ground floor room
OFCE 69 Quai d’Orsay
75007 Paris

The development of economic expertise and the growing availability of economic statistics go hand in hand. That has been the case from the late 17th century, when a number of innovators in economic thought were also political arithmeticians. As such, shortcutting the understanding of the production of economic statistics can only lead to bad expertise. This workshop will examine the production of part of the earliest available macroeconomic statistics: those dealing with trade.

This study is especially interesting in the 18th century because continental Europe went through a growing integration phase before the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. While Great-Britain was retreating from continental markets for the benefit of overseas ones (despite he 1786 trade treaty with France), free trade was making progress on the continent, supported by a wave of free trade treaties in the 1780s. This was followed by the closing up of European national economies during and after the wars. What was the relation between the two phenomena? Considering that what is usually called the “First” globalization of the 19th century floundered after World War I, is there some kind of regularities that should be taken into account when we examine the consequences of our current globalization? What are the available data? How can we work with them? What do they teach us about the economic evolutions in this pre-statistic age?


Ground floor room OFCE 69 Quai d’Orsay 75007 Paris

9.30-9.45 Welcome word by the OFCE president

9.45-10.00 Presenting TOFLIT18 and the program

10.00-10.45 Loïc Charles (University of Paris-8/INED): Sources and pitfall in early trade statistics (summarizing the questionnaires)

Charles – Questionnaires_synth – 2014

10.45-11.00 Coffee break

11.00-11.45 Ulrich Pfister (University of Münster), Import trade in Hamburg, 1733-1798

Pfister – Hamburg 18c trade statistics, Paris OFCE 2014-05-23

11.45-12.30 Werner Scheltjens (University of Leipzig), French imports and exports from the Baltic 1670-1850: a quantitative analysis.

SCHELTJENS French imports to the Baltic, 1670-1850

12.30-2.15 Lunch

2.15-3.00 Cristina Moreira (University of Minho), Jari Eloranta (Appalachian State University and University of Jyväskylä), Jari Ojala (University of Jyväskylä) and Lauri Karvonen (Åbo Akademi University), Methodological Issues in Comparing Trade Flows between Portugal
and Scandinavia: Lessons from the Soundtoll Records

MCM_JE_JO_LK – Trade Flows between Portugal and Scandinavia – 2014

3.00-3.45 Jeroen van der Vliet (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam), Linking Amsterdam
and Sound data sources

van der Vliet – Amsterdam and Sound – 2014

3.45-4.00 Coffee break

4.00-4.45 Guillaume Daudin (University of Paris-Dauphine/OFCE), Linking French and Sound data sources

Daudin – France and Sound – 2014

4.45-5.30 Hubert Escaith (WTO), Comparing past and current issues in trade statistics

This event is open to all. To register, please send an email before May 21st 2014 at: . It is funded both by OFCE and the ANR TOFLIT18 (

Scientific committee:

Guillaume Daudin (

Loïc Charles (


Sylvie Legolvan ( – 01 44 18 54 07)

Inscriptions & informations:

Valérie Richard ( – 01 44 18 54 23)

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