We welcome the use of the TOFIT18 data by Ellen M. Nye.
She is a first-year history PhD student studying Ottoman and British economic history at Yale University under the supervision of Steve Pincus and Alan Mikhail. She is eager to learn about the broader trends in the French economy TOFLIT18 will expose.
She is going to use the Franco-Ottoman trade from 1785-1821 to work on a paper seminar paper on cotton textile trade and production in the Ottoman market during the Napoleonic wars. For this project, she am comparing trade statistics to indicators of Ottoman cotton textile production. For French trade, she is currently relaying on Alexandre Chabert’s Essai sur les mouvements des prix et des revenus en France de 1798 à 1820, which provides information on the total volume of Franco-Ottoman trade but does not provide information on the trade broken down by commodity or volume. TOFLIT would provide much more granular information.
Exploiting historical data to advance our knowledge in economy and history is obviously an inter-disciplinary task. All three partners are centres of research excellence and bring to the project economic historians used to working with both economists and historians. In addition, Paris-Dauphine brings its expertise in economics, the INED its knowledge of the treatment of large manuscript datasources and Sciences-Po its knowledge of dealing with databases through the Medialab.
The Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (FNSP/Sciences Po) is a fully-fledged, self-governing, research university specialised in the social-economic sciences and the humanities which enrols some 9,600 students per year. Sciences Po is the leading research university in the social sciences in France with 50 full-time professors, 190 researchers, 80 foreign professors invited each year, nine research centres, five of which are closely linked to the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). Today, 15 of the research teams of Sciences Po have been involved in more than 35 European projects and 18 ANR projects. The Science Po team will gather researchers working at the médialab, the Center for History at Sciences Po.
Established in 2009 thanks to the support of the Île-de-France region, the médialab of Sciences Po is a laboratory of digital resources centred on all the new technologies of information and communication. The médialab has been created to explore how data and resources provided by information and communications technologies can be harnessed for the benefit of social sciences. The médialab is a site dedicated to digital research. It is a team of specialists bringing together social scientists, engineers and designers. It is a high-tech facility, a hub for vanguard research, a scientific toolkit at the disposal of the Sciences Po academic community and a platform for launching national and international collaborations.
The Center for History at Sciences Po (EA 113) is the contemporary history research laboratory of the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques. The CHSP has existed since late 2004. Its research activities are in line with the research activities of the Center for Twentieth-Century European History, founded in 1984. It brings together 20 French and international permanent researchers and around 50 associate researchers, all renowned in political, cultural and economic history. The CHSP has a natural interest in the project as one of its main fields of research is international history, including international trade history, and the working on archives is a long tradition of the Center.
Founded in 1945, the role of the Institut national d’études démographiques (INED) is to « study demographic problems in all their aspects. To this aim, the Institute will collect the relevant documentation, conduct surveys, carry out experiments and follow experiments conducted abroad. » In 1986, INED became a public scientific and technological establishment (EPST). This status – identical to that of CNRS, INSERM and INRA – is a guarantee of scientific independence. Though demography is central to INED, the scope of its research covers very diverse fields of expertise, including sociology, economics, geography, history, political science, public health and statistics.
Since 1945, INED has played a pioneering role in developing household surveys as an instrument of sociological and demographic knowledge. For this purpose, INED has built up a specialized “Surveys department” which oversees data collection. The missions of the “Surveys department” have expanded and broadened in scope over recent years. Offering expert know-how at all stages of the data collection process, its members are closely involved in many large-scale projects both in France and abroad.
The research unit 11 “Histoire et populations” studies the history the development of demographic and economic knowledge from the 17th century up to the present day. It also develops and manages archives of past statistical surveys (Henry survey, TRA survey) and analyses the data they contain with a view to shedding light on past demographic trends.
The know-how of the “Surveys department” in data collection and that of Unit 11 in the developing and managing of past statistical survey is a major asset for TOFLIT18 and will guaranty that the hired staff who will oversee the digitizing and the encoding of the data will benefit from a context in which invaluable experience and expertise in these fields will be at hand.
Since its foundation in 1968, Université Paris-Dauphine has been committed to developing and furthering research in the organization and decision sciences. Its goal has always been to play a significant International role in furthering knowledge and understanding in the management and organization sciences, while contributing to our communities and promoting France as a center for scientific and academic excellence. Today, Dauphine is recognized as one of Europe’s leading research institutions in its field. In keeping with its goals and to strengthen our commitment to excellence, Dauphine co-founded PSL-Paris Sciences et Lettres, recognized in July 2011 as one of the 3 premier French initiatives for excellence.
L’UMR 225 DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) includes the group “Développement et Mondialisation” from LEDa (Laboratoire d’Economie de Dauphine) and researchers from the IRD (Département Sociétés). It includes 11 researchers from IRD and 19 from Paris-Dauphine, around 10 associate researchers and around 40 PhD students. They research in numerous fields of development economics and international economics. Some of them are specifically interested in economic history, which is one the research axis of the lab for the period 2014-2018 (HECO). In addition to Guillaume Daudin, Philippe Chalmin, Denis Cogneau, Emmanuelle Lavallée and Sandrine Mesplé-Somps part of this axis.